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  • 医学科研论文——结果部分写作技巧

    19-11-21 10:35 来源:未知 ; 浏览:
    论文对于每个准毕业生来说都是极为重要的,它关系到同学们是否能够获得学位。论文的写作也是有难度,并非轻松就可以完成的。很多同学接到论文任务之后,就感觉头晕眼花,不知道如何是好,其实论文虽然有难度,但是掌握写作步骤和写作技巧,还是能够完成的。科研论文和本科论文有些技巧是想通的,但是有些技巧却是不一样的。
    结果是文章结论的根据,应记录真实的科研数据,除指示性说明外,一般用过去时表示。
    常用句型
    结果表明
    Theresults showed / demonstrated / revealed /documented /indicated/suggested…that…;
    Itwas found that…
    举例:Theresults showed that high thigh cuff Doppler technique was 79 percentsensitive, 56 percent specific and 63 percent accurate.
    与…有关
    Awas related / correlated /associated with B. There was a relationship/correlation between A and B. There was a relation of A with B and C
    举例:Insulin sensitivity index was negatively with blood velocity (r=0.530,P<0.05),>
    增加或减少
    表示数值增加的动词:increase,rise,elevate
    表示数值增加的名词:increase,increment,elevation
    表示数值减少的动词:decrease,reduce,fall, drop, decline, lower
    表示数值减少的名词:decrease,decrement,reduction, fall, drop, decline, lowering
    从…增加到…,平均增加…:increasefrom…to …, with a mean/average (increase) of …
    从…增加到…,总的增加…:increasefrom…to …, with an overall increase of …
    增加了10%:increaseby(10%)
    倍数比较
    增加或减少3倍:increaseby3 fold (times); a 3-fold increase
    A是B的3倍:Ais 3 fold (times) as…as B. A is 3 fold (times) B
    结果的统计学意义
    明显不同(significantdifference)
    很明显不同(very/highlysignificant difference)
    区别不明显(insignificantdifference)
    无区别(nonsignificantdifference/no difference)
    统计学意义常用句型
    Therewas/is significant difference in…between A and B
    Thedifference in …between A and B was/is significant
    Awas/is significant difference from B in …
    Nosignificant difference was found / observed / noted in …between Aand B
    “in”表示区分的性质或内容
    举例1:Therewere no significant difference between treatment groups in symptoms andlung function (P>0.05).
    举例2:Significantdifference were not noted in the level of HDL cholesterol, and LDLpeakparticle diameter before and after treatment.
    上文简单介绍了医学论文的结果写作技巧,大家阅读上文后对论文的写作应该有了一定的认识。大家在学习论文写作技巧的时候,一定不要眼高手低,必须要勤加练习,通过大量的实践发现自己的不足,提高自己的写作水平。写作中遇到的问题大家不要藏着掖着,一定要及时的询问老师和同学,第一时间解决问题,只有这样才能切实的学到论文写作的技巧。
     

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