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  • 按照哈佛格式在文中和文尾标注引用的内容的范例

    17-08-13 20:49 来源:未知 ; 浏览:

    Citing using the Harvard style

     

    The Harvard style is a type of author-date style. Generally, when using the Harvard style a citation in your paper requires only the name of the author (or authors) and the year of publication (with no punctuation between the two items). Citations should be, whenever possible, placed at the end of a sentence (before the concluding punctuation) For example 
    ...as one writer put it "the darkest days were still ahead" (Weston 1988, p.45).
    Alternatively, the author's surname may be integrated into the text, followed immediately by the year of publication in parentheses. 
    Scholtz (1990, p.564) has argued that...
    If there is more than one reference by an author in the same year they are generally labelled in order of publication with a lower case letter. 
    other researchers faced this problem (Stairs 1992a, p.98 , James 1994, p.107) while Stairs (1992b, p.3) recognised... 
    If the author's name is unknown you should give the title of the article, book or webpage.
    the worst election loss in the party's history (The Age 4 May, 1968, p.2)...
    The references made in the text are listed in alphabetical order by author(s) at the end of the paper. If the author is unknown use the title.
    A Harvard style reference list
    A sample Harvard style reference list. The sources that you refer to in your text should be cited by name of the author (or authors) and the year of publication . The reference list is arranged alphabetically by author then by date. For anonymous reports and standards, alphabetize by the issuing institution. Note: some style guides do not require the brackets around the date.
    Meyer, M.D. (1992), Public transportation in the 21st century, in: Gray, G.E. and Hoel, L.A. (eds), Public transportation, 2nd ed, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, pp. 636-653

    Groenewegen, D. (1997), The Real Thing?: The Rock Music Industry and the Creation of Australian Images, Moonlight Publishing, Golden Square, Victoria
    Rau, J.G. and Wooten, D.C. (1980), Environmental impact analysis handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York 
    Richardson, A. J. (1990), "Traffic planning and modelling: a twenty year perspective", Australian Road Research, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 9-21 
    Young, W. (1990a), "The interaction between data and a parking model hierachy", Proc. 15th Aust. Road Research Board Conference, pp. 83-100. 
    Young, W., and Taylor, M. A. P. (1990b), "Continuing Education in transport", Proc. 2nd. AAEE Conference on Engineering Education, Melbourne, Aust., pp. 569-579. 
    Hudson, P. (1998, September 16 - last update), "PM, Costello liars: former bank chief", (The Age), Available: http://www.theage.com.au/daily/980916/news/news2.html (Accessed: 1998, September 16).
    "McGwire owns the mark alone", (1998, September 9), (ESPN.com), Available: http://ESPN.SportsZone.com/mlb/news/1998/980908/00833812.html (Accessed: 1998, September 16).
    Anderson, J.C. (1987) 'Current status of chorion villus biopsy', In: Tudenhope, D., Chenoweth, J., (eds) Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of 英文论文格式the Australian Perinatal Society, Sept. 3-6 1986, Australian Perinatal Society, Brisbane, Queensland, pp. 190-6.
    Note that because there are two articles by Young from the same year that a letter is added to the date. They are ordered based on the name of the second author, and by date published if this is not applicable.

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