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  • SCI论文写作的细节把控——标点符号的使用

    19-09-24 21:22 来源:未知 ; 浏览:
    SCI论文的写作对于中国的学者来说最大的难题并非是内容,而是英语表达。对于我国的很多学者来说,SCI论文很难发表。可是我国现在很多的科研结构、高校都将SCI论文引入作为评价标准。也正是因为SCI论文越来越重要,大家想要提高投稿采纳的几率,必须要掌握SCI论文写作的技巧。下面大家就一起来看下SCI论文中怎样正确使用标点符号的吧!
    1. 引导副词或者短语放在句首时,后面接逗号
    举例:However, the public is being inundated with stories aboutcancer-causing chemicals.
    After 3 months, the plants grown under phosphorus-deficient conditions were evaluated.
    类似地副词:therefore, thus, However, Nevertheless
    2. 当有三个及以上并列结构时,并列连词前需要加逗号(又称为连续逗号); 仅有两个并列结构时,不能用逗号
    举例:Water, sodium hydroxideand ammonia were the solvents.
    Thered needles were collected, washed with tolueneand dried in a vacuum desiccator. 
    3.  动词(谓语)和主语之间不要加逗号
    举例: The addition of substitutedsilanes to carbon–carbon double bonds, has beenstudied extensively.(错误)
    The addition of substituted silanes tocarbon–carbon double bonds has been studied extensively.(正确)
    4. et al.之前不接逗号,除非有其他特别原因
    举例:Saltzman et al.            Saltzman, M. J., et al.          Saltzman, Brown, et al.
    5. 日期后接逗号,如果只有月份没有日期,不用逗号;当句子中给出完整的年月日,那么年份后面也要接逗号
    举例:June 15, 1996                June 1996
    On August 18, 1984, an extraordinary person was born.
    6. 当地理位置作为句子的一个部分,且其中包含逗号时,名称后也要接逗号
    举例:Iona College, in New Rochelle, New York, is the CEO’s alma mater.
    7.  采用逗号为句子插入引用语,但是当引用语作为主语时,不接逗号
    举例:In the words of Pasteur, “Chance favors the prepared mind.”
    “Chance favors the prepared mind” is a translation from the French.
    句号(period)和分号(semicolon)
    1. 除非引起歧义,否则单位简称后面不要接句号
    特例:inch (in.), atom (at.), number (no.)
    2. 姓名简写要用句号和空格隔开,但是在acknowledgement部分不需要空格
    举例:J. E. Lennard-Jones    M. S.Newman
    R.C.McD. and C.R. thank Dr. Rose Allan forcarefully reading the manuscript.
    3. 机构名的简写后不用加句号
    举例:ACS CNRS  NASA
    4. 没有连词的独立分句(independent clauses)之间,加分号;采用连接副词或者过渡语“that is”, “however”, “therefore”, “hence”,“indeed”, “accordingly”, “besides”, and “thus”等连接的独立分句之间,加分号。
    举例:All solvents were distilled from an appropriatedrying agent; tetrahydrofuran and diethyl ether were also pretreated with activity I alumina.
    The rate at which bleaching occurred wasdependent on cluster size; that is, the degradation of the mononuclear clusterwas about 5 times faster than that of the tetranuclear cluster. 
    5. 从属小句和独立分句之间不能接分号
    The activity on bromopyruvate was decreased; whereas, the activity on pyruvate was enhanced.(错误)
    The activity on bromopyruvate was decreased,whereas the activity on pyruvate was enhanced.(正确)
    本文先是介绍了逗号的使用方法,列出七种情况下是否应该使用逗号,应该在哪里使用逗号;而后介绍了句号和分号的使用方法,讲述了哪些情况下应该使用句号或分号;哪些情况下不使用句号或分号。可能很多人觉得标点符号只是小细节,不需要太过于关注。论文是由单词和标点符号组成的,倘若单词使用不当、语法错误甚至是标点符号使用有误,都会影响论文的质量。细节决定成败,大家一起努力吧!

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